John Palmesino, Ann-Sofi Rönnskog

In October 2012 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the European Union starting a range of controversies. The interconnection of industrial structures, supply chains, markets, financial circuits, policies, strategies and protocols of the European project is a complex set of transformations that generate a series of oscillations and instabilities across the entire range of life in Europe and well beyond. The architecture of the European project, with its entangled connections between changing polities and material spaces, is at the centre of Diploma 4 investigations. 

We think of this as a complex system of construction of inhabited space over time. The reorganisation of the protocols and procedures of the European project is investigated as a torque force – a spin that gathers multiple currents to reshape and rearrange the material spaces of the European peninsula. What emerges is an image of a space in complex transformation, a series of ambivalent territories and multiple populations and agents operating over wide sets of relationships, both above and beneath the state.

A focus on the coast of Europe enables us to intercept of these transformations where they become more intense and visible. The shifting polities of the European project are reorganised, funnelled and accelerated by the many circulations that characterise the seas and shores of the peninsula. Non-spaced transformations set the tone for the projects of Diploma 4: extensions of global supply chain routes; infrastructural connections; rapid urbanisation processes; new erosion patterns and rearrangement of sedimentation processes; technology transfer hubs and secluded research and development sites; migratory shipping lines and detention centres; and rearrangement of surveillance and measurement.The projects present a range of diverging transformations and multi-directed thrusts. Using architecture as both the object and method of investigation reveals a kaleidoscope of divergent ways for changing the European project through its  many contradictions, abrupt stops, rapid accelerations or the concomitant stagnation and consolidation of patterns of inhabitation. How can architecture enter radical negotiations to rethink a project for the remodernisation of the coast of Europe?


Unit Tutors

John Palmesino

Ann-Sofi Rönnskog


Special thanks to

Bruno Latour


Thanks to

Nabil Ahmed

Carlos Villanueva Brandt

Lindsay Bremner

Giles Bruce

Javier Castañón

Barbara-Ann Campbell-Lange

Yi-Jen Chen

Kate Davies

Blake Fisher

David Hellström

Helena Huws

Tom Fox

Ranulph Glanville

Niko Japaridze

Tobias Klein

Tyen Masten

Natasha Sandmeier

Kelly Shannon

Andrew Yau

Elaine Tsui

The Divan: Parrhesia and the space of law, sovereignty, and knowledge

To reconstruct cities in a non-homogenous way would be through pure languages, since it defines architectural space and govern the space of law, space of sovereignty and knowledge production. Language posits an initial “oral legal cultural” that
does not resort to legal texts but instead retrieves oral traditions from collective memory. Language is not about empowerment through an act of writing or the concurrence of meaning, speech, and writing, nor is it about what language philosophy calls a performative act. It is about administration. Through looking at the transformation of Greece and turkey and the detail studies of universities, the project has come to realize the conflicts of archives between authority and administration. The strategy of the project is to control the transfer operations, the mediators between law and specific oral utterances (in universities, offices, courts). What is at stake in both situations in Greece and Turkey are going through a rapid re-organization. In order to organize all these stories, the Parrhesia Zone that I refer as the divan is the key. It is the key factors of separate and to create new intensity and multiple disciplines. It locates in multiple spaces including in Athens, Thessaloniki, Istanbul, Izmir, Ankara, they are the act of exchanging so it becomes the medium of transfer.