Mark Campbell, Stewart Dodd

As the slogan goes, ‘Detroit Hustles Harder’. Once the third-largest city in the United States, now Detroit is so synonymous with economic collapse and architectural ruin that the images of its decay are as clichéd as they are poignant. As the home of the US auto industry’s ‘Big Three’ – Ford, Chrysler and General Motors – Motor City relies on federal life-support, and with a population that has contracted by more than 60 per cent since 1950, Detroit has enough vacant land to accommodate Manhattan, Boston and San Francisco combined. 

If ‘America is the original version of modernity’, as Jean Baudrillard believed, then Detroit offers us a vision of what the end of modernity might look like.

This year Intermediate 1 visited Detroit to confront the idea of architectural redundancy. Acting as archaeologists of the immediate future (to paraphrase Reyner Banham), our considerations uncovered misplaced artefacts, failed architectural precedents and images of past declines and future ambitions. Working in defiance of conventional architectural norms, the unit sought to design real, surreal or entirely speculative interventions within the remains of the Paris of the West.

Projects included providing a religiously inspired exodus to Michigan’s Upper Peninsula; detoxifying the city by sealing residents in the Packard Plant; stripping a suburb of all historically consonant detail; refunding citizens by allowing them to rework their houses using neighbouring buildings; redefining Gratiot Avenue through the last remaining corner store; adjusting the relative density between the suburbs and downtown through demolition; using the urban prairie to farm road-kill; restarting the Packard assembly line to disassemble the surrounding workers’ accommodation; relocating the banks along Woodward Avenue to the local police station; delivering mail by tank; allowing the most avaricious developers to fight it out; and, finally, creating a ‘living archive’ of the city housed in a reclaimed salt mine beneath East Detroit.



Mark Campbell

Stewart Dodd


With thanks 

Barbara-Ann Campbell-Lange

Kate Davies

David Dunster

Belinda Flaherty

Kenneth Fraser

Murray Fraser

Thomas Haywood

Jerry Herron

Francesca Hughes

Saskia Lewis

CJ Lim

Claire McManus

Monia Di Marchi

Joel Newman

Frank Owen

Christopher Pierce

Tom Powell

Charles Rice

Damian Rogan

Constantino di Sambuy

Ingrid Schroeder

Marc Schwartz

Takero Shimazaki

Brett Steele

Sylvie Taher

Vere Van Gool

Manja Van der Worp

Andrea Wong

Downtown Detroit sits in a state of surreal stillness; its 1920s skyscraper unlike the rest of the city's debilitated vastness holds up some of the city's past grandeur. Contrasted with the eerie empty streets, at the end of the day, there is a tension caused by the expectation of huge crowds of office workers to fill the streets.

This moment expresses the inherent state of Detroit where there is always a duality between past failings and future rejuvenation and manifests itself in the only two opposing figures still left willing to be invested in the
city; Matty Moroun with his brutality forces the city to acknowledge its failure and Dan Gilbert with his persistent positivity preserves the hope for it's renewal. With Downtown as the back drop of their battle, what remains of their conflict and compromise is the possibility that Detroit can survive.